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Table 1 Demographic and physiologic characteristics of study subjects. Normally distributed variables are shown by mean (SD) and groups compared by two-tail t-test. aNon-normally distributed data are shown by median [IQR] and groups compared by Mann-Whitney U test. Bold font indicates p<0.0001. Min, minimum value; Max, maximum value; BMI-SDS, BMI standard deviation score; SP, systolic pressure; DP, diastolic pressure; ADIPOQ, adiponectin; TAG, triacylglycerides; LDL-Cho, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-Cho, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; n.a., not applicable

From: Relationship between adiponectin, TNFα, and SHBG in prepubertal children with obesity

  Normal weight (n=15) Obesity (n=51)  
Mean ± SD Min-max Mean ± SD Min-max p value
Sex (F/M) 7/8 . 28/23   n.a.
Age (years) 8.4±0.8 (7.3, 10.1) 9.0±1.1 (7.0, 11.0) 0.048
Weight (kg) 26.8±2.8 (22.8, 34.8) 53.5±12.6 (32.2, 96.3) < 0.001
BMI-SDS − 0.01±0.89 (− 1.71, 1.3) 3.41±0.76 (2.04, 5.76) < 0.001
Waist Circ. (cm) 56±3 (50, 60) 83±9 (65, 104) < 0.001
SP (mmHg) 104±7 (94, 116) 113±9 (92, 143) 0.001
DP (mmHg) 64±6 (52, 73) 70±7 (54, 83) 0.003
SHBG (nmol/L) a 172±24 (115, 218) 67±68 (12, 195) < 0.001
TNFα-R1 (pg/mL) 854±230 (578, 1435) 1084±205 (638, 1573) 0.001
CRP (mg/L) a 0.6±2.1 (0.2, 27.4) 3.0±3.2 (0.5, 52.2) 0.005
ADIPOQ (pg/mL) a 12380±4739 (6431, 20138) 7057±3778 (1214, 17748) < 0.001
Glycemia (mg/dL) 86±6 (77, 94) 85±8 (70, 113) 0.765
Insulin (mU/L) 3.2±1.6 (0.5, 5.7) 13.6±6.6 (2.1, 33.3) <0.001
HbA1c (%) 5.3±0.2 (5, 5.7) 5.3±0.2 (4.9, 5.8) 0.894
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 160±21 (132, 200) 165±24 (115, 214) 0.554
TAG (mg/dL) a 42±17 (29, 70) 70±41 (39, 183) <0.001
LDL-Cho (mg/dL) 89±19 (67, 132) 104±23 (63, 150) 0.036
HDL-Cho (mg/dL) 62±11 (44, 82) 44±10 (29, 82) <0.001
IGI a    1.27±1.00 (− 0.01, 5.69) n.a.
WBISI a    3.06±2.93 (1.23, 11.74) n.a.
HOMA-IR 0.70±0.35 (0.10, 1.25) 2.87±1.47 (0.44, 6.66) <0.001