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Table 1 Current and emerging treatment options for dystonia [16, 17]

From: Post stroke hemi-dystonia in children: a neglected area of research

Oral - Anticholinergics (e.g., trihexyphenidyl)
- Tetrabenazine
- l-dopa/carbidopa
- Baclofen
- Benzodiazepines (e.g., diazepam, clonazepam)
- Muscle relaxants (e.g., clonidin)
- others (e.g., amitriptyline, gabapentin)
Intramuscular - Botulinum toxin
Intrathecal - Baclofen
Behavioral - Biofeedback
- Constraint induced therapy
(Noninvasive) neuromodulation - Transcranial magnetic stimulation
(Invasive) neuromodulation - Deep brain stimulation