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Table 1 Current and emerging treatment options for dystonia [16, 17]

From: Post stroke hemi-dystonia in children: a neglected area of research

Oral - Anticholinergics (e.g., trihexyphenidyl) - Tetrabenazine - l-dopa/carbidopa - Baclofen - Benzodiazepines (e.g., diazepam, clonazepam) - Muscle relaxants (e.g., clonidin) - others (e.g., amitriptyline, gabapentin)
Intramuscular - Botulinum toxin
Intrathecal - Baclofen
Behavioral - Biofeedback - Constraint induced therapy
(Noninvasive) neuromodulation - Transcranial magnetic stimulation
(Invasive) neuromodulation - Deep brain stimulation